slag granulation process pdf

Granulation techniques and technologies: recent progresses

Feb 18, 2021Introduction. Granulation, a technique of particle enlargement by agglomeration, is one of the most significant unit operations in the production of pharmaceutical dosage forms, mostly tablets and capsules. 1 During the granulation process, small fine or coarse particles are converted into large agglomerates called granules. Generally, granulation commences after initial dry mixing of the

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Blast furnace slag granulation

The molten slag is then separated from the liquid metal and cooled (Gielen et al., 2021). If the molten slag is cooled and solidified by rapid water quenching to a glassy state, little or no crystallization occurs. This process results in the formation of sand size (or frit-like) fragments, usually with some friable clinkerlike material.

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HEAT RECOVERY FROM BLAST FURNACE SLAG

~400 mio. tons of slag (1500C) each year The slag is generally processed to a by-product without using heat recovery (~1,8 GJ wasted energy per ton slag) Increasing demand in Energy Efficiency in IronSteel The main challenges is to extract the energy from the molten slag by a dry granulation process

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Some Fundamental Aspects of the Dry Slag Granulation

There is a growing interest in development of a dry slag granulation (DSG) process so as to recover the sensible and latent heats from molten slags and convert iron blast furnace slags into a glassy phase that is a suitable replacement for Portland cement. The combination of waste heat recovery and conversion of slag into a saleable product

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Granulation techniques and technologies: recent progresses

Granulation, the process of particle enlargement by agglomeration technique, is one of the most significant unit operations in the production of pharmaceutical dosage forms, mostly tablets and capsules. Granulation process transforms fine powders into free-flowing, dust-free granules that are easy to compress. Nevertheless,

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Slag Grranulation

his launder slag-granulation process uses a double stream of water, the upper for dispersing the liquid metal during freefall and the lower to quench the granules. Granulation is achieved in the waterjets before the granules reach the bottom of the sloping launder from where they are discharged to a de-watering system.

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Slag Cement Association

Slag cement is a recovered byproduct of the iron manufacturing process and can be used to replace a portion of portland cement in concrete mix design. The use of slag cement has demonstrated long-term performance enhancements allowing designers to reduce the environmental footprint of concrete while ensuring improved performance and increased

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The smelting operations of Anglo American's platinum

Figure 2: Schematic of process flow at Waterval Smelter (after Jacobs2) The furnace matte from all the smelters is then fed to the Anglo Platinum Converting Process (ACP) where the matte is upgraded through removal of thegreater volumes of slag and the current granulation

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Dry Granulation of Blast Furnace Slag for Energy Recovery

Aug 09, 2021The dry slag granulation process is essentially to atomize the liquid slag and then to cool the particles rapidly so as to produce a glassy slag. The atomization is done using a rotary cup air blast atomizer. The particles cool as they travel through

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Products › Ironmaking and steelmaking › Slag Granulation

In the granulation section, the liquid slag is 'quenched' by pouring onto it an excess water stream. The evaporated water will be condensed in a condensing tower located above the granulation tank. This proven granulation process ensures economic granulation and produces valuable and consistent properties in the blast furnace slag.

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Towards sustainable energy efficiency and improved

The slag handling system comprises three distinct sections: slag granulation, slag dewatering and slag drying. The main aims of this work were to further reduce the amount of moisture in the slag coming out from dewatering bins and improve the throughput of the slag handling section. Slag granulation handles slag tapped from the converter at

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Sulfur forming Granulation process

Slating, granulation, prilling, and pastillation are some of the technologies used to produce solid sulfur from molten sulfur. This review addresses the technology and economics of one such process—the granulation process. This review presents a technical and economic evaluation of the granulation process, for a plant with

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The Uhde Pugmill Granulation The Process for Safe and

process will have a recycle of 1.5 - 2, whereas a low recycle process will usually stay below 1. These differences result in the different AN concentrations or amount of liquid phase required by the granulation process. A high solid recycle granulation process usually requires a lower AN concentration (94 - 96.5%) than a low solid recycle process

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UDC 669 . 054 . 82 : 669 . 184 . 244 . 66 Processing and

tical use. They include the air granulation process, whereby a high-pressure gas is blown onto the molten slag to solidify and granulate the slag while it is being cooled; ISC process,3) whereby the hot slag is first poured into a steel box for accelerated cooling/solidification and then subjected to water sprinkling and immersion cooling; and

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Preliminary Study on the Granulation of the Molten Slag S

employed. The viscosity of blast furnace and steel making slag are 20 and 10 poise for 1400 C respectively. During the experiments, the molten slag was poured into the center of the rotaing disk and granulation process was visualized by using the high speed camera. The granulated slag particles were collected and then classified

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Valorisation Symposium

Proceedings of the Fourth International Slag Valorisation Symposium Zero Waste 15-17 April 2021 Leuven, Belgium Editors Annelies Malfliet and Yiannis Pontikes

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OPEN ACCESS energies

a base material for road construction. Then wet granulation was introduced to prevent slow cooling and crystallization of the slag during natural solidification, but during the process, a large amount of water was wasted for the granulation—typically about 1–1.5 tons evaporates per ton of slag [12,13].

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chinese technology for blast furnace slag granulation process

BF slag, cast house, De-watering of the slag, GGBS, granulated slag, inba process, RASA process, Russian process, slag granulation, Blast Furnace Slag Granulation at the Cast House. A blast furnace (BF) is a closed system into which iron-bearing materials (iron ore lump, sinter and/or pellets), fluxes (slag formers) and reducing agents (i.e

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Ori Steel Slag Granulation

In order to simulate the process of steel slag granulation, a set of equipment was made as shown in Figure 1. This consists mainly of launder, granulation tank, dewatering tank, waste water tank and fresh water tank. Solid steel slag obtained from PT. Krakatau Steel was melted in an induction furnace at 161DOe and then transferred and poured into

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Granulation of metallurgical slag

5. The process for granulation of hot liquid slag according to claim 1, wherein the solid metallic particles are dropped into the molds from a height between 1 and 3 m. 6. The process for granulation of hot liquid slag according to claim 1, wherein the solid metallic particles are distributed over the mold by a vibrating chute. 7.

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CURRENT DEVELOPMENT OF SLAG VALORISATION IN

25 Third International Slag Valorisation Symposium │ Guangqiang LI, Hua ZHANG, Hongwei NI, Muxing GUO 02/04/2021 Granulated BOF slag by Wheel-granulation process (HK) HK process was first applied in Benxi Steel in 2021 for 3120t and 3150t BOF. In total 4 units were built. In 2021, Liuzhou Steel built 2 units for their 3100t BOF.

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Energy Efficiency Solutions by Primetals Technologies

Dry slag granulation with heat recovery – Utilization of blast furnace slag heat energy Primetals Technologies, voestalpine Stahl, the FEhS – Building Materials Institute and the University of Leoben joined forces in an RD program to develop a new dry-granulation technology using air to cool molten slag and recover the lost heat energy.

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RECOMMENDED GUIDELINE FOR IRONSTEEL SECTOR

vi) Slag Granulation Plant (SGP) / Slag Dumping Yard: During the process of iron making, the impurities are fluxed and removed as slag. The hot liquid slag is made into slag granules by means of high pressure water jets in the Slag Granulation Plant in the Cast House itself

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Converting Granulated Blast Furnace Slag into Fine Aggregate

The developed conversion process involves improving the physical properties in two stages. Stage 1: Altering granulation parameters Slag Granulation is primarily affected by water temperature, water pressure and water flow rate. When the material solidifies under slow cooling conditions, escaping gases leave behind micro pores in the cooled mass.

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Iron and Steel Slag Utilization: A Comprehensive Analysis

includes 1) Air granulation process 2) ISC process 3) Rapid cooling process • Air granulation process: A high pressure gas is blown onto the molten slag which solidifies and granulates it while it is still being cooled. This process is much quicker and requires a small area relatively.

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Research on the Activation Energy of the Crystallization

(3) Based on the study, the process and equipment for the dry slag granulation (DSG) technology was desired. References [1] Q. T. Fang. Introduction of blast furnace slag powder in cement production application [J]. Industrial b, 2021 (7) : 00173-00174.

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Granulation

slag is hence the key to achieve its further valorisation as an aggregate in civil engineering applications. Granulation is one of the most adopted particle size enlargement techniques. This process, generally applied in wet or dry mode [11], has numerous applications in several industrial sectors. Wet

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Dry slag granulation with integrated heat recovery

Jun 27, 2021The process produces solid slag granules suitable for cement-making and hot air of 500-600 degC as a heat source for on-site utilization. Compared with water quenching, dry granulation offers a much more sustainable approach through saving water, reducing emissions, as well as recovering waste heat to reduce energy consumption, and hence GHG

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SLAG

separation of metal and slag. Adequate granulation takes place and leads to good stability of the final slag. Process can be described as an accelerated ageing process that reduces the free lime content. Because of rapid cooling, it generates more glassy structure than the BOF slag. Removal of free lime also confirms its volumetric stability

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The Most Trusted Sulphur Granulation Process In The World

The GX™ Sulphur Granulation Process Installed Worldwide Granulation Units 23 10 20 22 2 75 56.6% 122,545 TPD 43.4% 93,851 TPD 93.3% 113,745 TPD 6.7% 8,180 TPD GX™ Drum Cross-Section LIFTING FLIGHT FORMED SULPHUR PROCESS WATER SPRAY NOZZLE LIQUID SULPHUR SPRAY NOZZLE SULPHUR PUMP SULPHUR TANK LIQUID SULPHUR GRANULATION DRUM STACK

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